Africa is an ancient landmass on many fronts; in a geological sense the most aged rocks are dated to 4 billion years, evolutionists gesture towards the continent when broaching the origins of human lineage, and it’s when discussing the ancient civilisations, the north-eastern corner of this majestic landscape comes to conversational fruition.
It was during the era of the Neolithic revolution whereby humans began to transition from hunter gathers to develop agricultural societies, which in turn enable the support of larger sedentary populations. This may have began to occur as the last geological age transitioned into the Holocene epoch around 10,000 years ago and may be a period in which still live today. The Holocene has witnessed indescribable amounts of human cultural development, evolving in the sciences, arts, religion and, linguistics to ultimately catapult one into today’s modern civilisation. It may be the land of Egypt which plays an important part in this success story.
It may be widely considered by Egyptologists King Narmer who became the first Pharaoh, coalesced Upper and Lower Egypt to form a unified civilisation around 5000 years ago. In doing so he initiated the early dynastic period, creating an empire which was to reign for 3000 years. The Pharaohs created a legacy which may still has the power to amaze many historians to this day.
Egypt seems to be steeped in some of the richest civilised history on the planet and home to a myriad of some of the most visually mesmorising structures known to man. Antiquity seems to emanate from every corner of this archaic landscape, what may be more it is all complemented by some of the world’s top diving locations. Egypt seems to be a haven of touristic treasures all encapsulated under the roof of one nation.
The tourism minister, Hisham Zaazou, has recently declared the projected arrival figures may jump from 9.5 million (2013) to 12.5 million in 2016. The present situation for travellers is favourable; flight times are short, prices are reasonable and historical sites are tranquil, offering the tourist a relaxed experience. Local businesses might profit from the forecasted increase and ultimately confidence is returning to the region.
Initiate Egyptian adventure by touching down in a place often referred to as the world’s greatest open-air museum. Travel back in time around 2000 years before the appearance of Christ, and encounter the historical city of Thebes, Egypt’s former capital, known on today’s world map as Luxor.
This ancient city, which snugly rests on the banks of the world’s longest river, may be brimming with relics. One choice is the Valley of the Kings, and it is here where the word longevity seems to emanate from every crevice. For 500 years tombs were being constructed for Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom; an era when Egypt was at the zenith of its prosperity.
Head northbound and eventually arrive in Cairo, Egypt’s modern day capital and largest city in Africa and the Middle East. Cairo is home to 7.7 million people and perhaps the most famous and internationally recognisable symbol of this land, the Great Pyramid of Giza. It is the largest of the three of the Giza Necropolis and at 5.9 million tonnes has the equivalent weight of 500,000 double-decker London buses. Its shape is said to represent the primordial mound from which the Earth was conceived and is astoundingly, the most aged and only one of the ancient seven wonders of the world which remain intact.
There may be more to Egypt than ancient history however, head east and those who aim to explore a world beyond may descend to the mystical depths of one of the world’s top dive sites. The Red Sea offers novice and experienced divers as well as snorkelers, an opportunity to discover a colourful and extensive underwater oasis of life, which is supported by an extensive reef system. In short, Egypt has something to offer every taste, from the history buffs, to the underwater explorers, and for those simply wanting to laze in the sunshine? A comprehensive selection of bountiful beaches and luxury hotels may be calling.
How might one take advantage of this opportunity to explore an ancient and historical landscape?