Aloe vera is a plant which grows wild in tropical climates all over the world. It seems to be a plant used historically in various cultures for its health benefits, for example for its medical and skin care properties. The specie may be one of the world’s most used natural plants and might have been used for a long time. Historical documents seems to refer to the plant as a medicine used already circa 65 AD, when it might have been used to treat soldiers’ skin during war times.
Aloe leaves contains three layers and the innermost might contain the plants alleged beneficial properties. The leaves aims to be thick, green to grey green and may grow up to 60-100 cm tall. Natural strands of species might be found in the southern half of the Arabian Peninsula, through North Africa, in Sudan and neighbouring countries, along with the Canary, Cape Verde and Madeira islands. The specie may be considered to have arrived in Europe in the 17th century. It might be found in products such as skin lotions, beverage, cosmetics and products for minor sunburns.
The specie is considered to have many health benefits; this plant might be used in skin treatments and in traditional herbal medicine and may help to keep the skin clear and hydrated. The water-dense leaves combined with complex carbohydrates, might be considered to create an effective pain reliever and face moisturiser. Aloe vera also seems to contain vitamins such as A,C,E and B12, which are considered to be antioxidants and to protect an individual from free radicals, which ones might be responsible for ageing and may cause cancer. The plants might also contain essential minerals and the most common present in the specie may be calcium, magnesium, sodium, copper and zinc. These minerals aim to be beneficial for metabolism activity and cellular enzyme. Moreover, the oil seems to contain around 20 different amino acids and several anti-flammatory compounds therefore, it might prevent inflammations and reduce the production of acid in the body .
The plant may also improve sugar levels, having two table spoons of its juice per day might cause blood sugar levels to fall for people with type 2 diabetes. The specie is also considered to decrease the severity of GERD (gastroesophaseal reflux disease). The plant seems to ease many types of digestion-related situations. More potential usages of Aloe vera might be as a fresh food preservative, dilution of semen for the artificial fertilisation of sleep and for water conservation. A study in 2014, published by Cambridge University states the specie might be an effective food preserver. In the study tomatoes were covered with Aloe vera and therefore seemed to be blocked from the growth of bacteria. This might mean the plant may help fruit and vegetables to stay fresh and eliminate the need of chemicals. Furthermore, the specie extract might be a safe and effective alternative to chemical based mouthwashes, which may seem to be a more natural way of treating mouth and tooth hygiene. It might be a popular plant which seems to be widely used. Since it might be so widely cultivated, Nina Rønsted, a specialist in the evolution of medicinal plants at the Natural History Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen has suggested the following: “Maybe it had larger leaves, grew closer to town, stayed fresher during transportation, or was easier to cultivate (…)”.
How might the plant improve the skin condition in the future?